Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics Awarded to Event Horizon Telescope Team

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Almost 30 MIT-partnered scientists will partake in the prize, while David Jay Julius ’77 successes Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences; assistant professor of mphysics Max Metlitski shares New Horizons prize with Xie Chen PhD ’12 and Michael Levin PhD ’06.

The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration, including researchers and specialists from MIT, will get a 2020 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics. The group is being respected for making the principal direct location of a black hole. Assistant professor of physics Max Metlitski and a few MIT alumni  are likewise accepting honors from the Breakthrough Prize Foundation.

The $3 million fundamental physics prize will be shared similarly with the 347 EHT scientists from around the globe who co-created the six papers distributed on April 10, 2019, which revealed the identification of the supermassive black hole at the core of Messier 87, or M87, a system inside the Virgo galaxy cluster.

The new laureates will be perceived at an honors function in Mountain View, California, on Nov. 3.

Source: Event Horizon Telescope Awarded Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics

Researchers Reveal Novel Ways to Produce Complex Carbon Frameworks in Space

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Novel trials at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source sparkle a light on another pathway for carbon science to develop in space.

A group of researchers has found another conceivable pathway toward framing carbon structures in space utilizing a particular compound investigation strategy at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).

The group’s examination has now distinguished a few roads by which ringed particles known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs, can shape in space. The most recent examination is a piece of a continuous exertion to backtrack the synthetic advances prompting the development of complex carbon-containing atoms in profound space.

PAHs – which additionally happen on Earth in discharges and sediment from the ignition of petroleum products – could give signs to the arrangement of life’s science in space as antecedents to interstellar nanoparticles. They are assessed to represent around 20 percent of all carbon in our world, and they have the concoction building blocks expected to frame 2D and 3D carbon structures.

In the most recent investigation, distributed in Nature Communications, specialists created a chain of ringed, carbon-containing atoms by joining two exceptionally responsive synthetic species that are called free radicals since they contain unpaired electrons. The investigation eventually demonstrated how these concoction procedures could prompt the advancement of carbon-containing graphene-type PAHs and 2D nanostructures. Graphene is a one-molecule thick layer of carbon iotas.

Source: Scientists Discover New Pathway to Forming Complex Carbon Molecules in SpaceMolecular mass growth through ring expansion in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons via radical–radical reactions” by Long Zhao, Ralf. I. Kaiser, Wenchao Lu, Bo Xu, Musahid Ahmed, Alexander N. Morozov, Alexander M. Mebel, A. Hasan Howlader and Stanislaw F. Wnuk, 15 August 2019, Nature Communications.
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-11652-5

VR project of Youngest Identified Supernova Cassiopeia A Leftover in the Milky Way Galaxy

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Cassiopeia A supernova

Cassiopeia A, the youngest known supernova remainder in the Milky Way, is the remaining parts of a star that detonated right around 400 years prior. The star was roughly 15 to multiple times the mass of our sun and sat in the Cassiopeia heavenly body, just about 11,000 light-years from earth.

 

In spite of the fact that amazingly far off, it’s currently conceivable to venture inside a virtual-reality (VR) delineation of what pursued that blast.

 

A group driven by Kimberly Kowal Arcand from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) and the Center for Computation and Visualization at Brown University has made it workable for cosmologists, astrophysicists, space fans, and the basically inquisitive to encounter what it resembles inside a dead star.

The VR venture — accepted to be the first of its sort, utilizing X-beam information from NASA’s Chandra X-beam Observatory mission (which is headquartered at CfA), infrared information from the Spitzer Space Telescope, and optical information from different telescopes — adds new layers of comprehension to a standout amongst the most well known and generally contemplated items in the sky.

 

Reference:

Walking Through an Exploded Star: Rendering Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia A into Virtual Reality