Geologists reveal a history of the lost continent covered underneath Europe

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Disregard the unbelievable lost continent of Atlantis. Geologists have remade, time cut by time cut, an almost quarter-of-a-billion-year-long history of a disappeared continent that presently lies submerged, not underneath a sea some place, however generally beneath southern Europe.

The analysts’ examination speaks to “a tremendous measure of work,” says Laurent Jolivet, a geologist at Sorbonne University in Paris who was not associated with the new investigation. In spite of the fact that the structural history of the landmass has been commonly known for a couple of decades, he says, “The measure of detail in the group’s orderly time-slip by reconstruction is extraordinary.”

The main noticeable remainders of the continent—known as Greater Adria—are limestones and different rocks found in the mountain scopes of southern Europe. Researchers accept these stones began as marine silt and were later scratched off the landmass’ surface and lifted up through the impact of structural plates. However the size, shape, and history of the first landmass—a lot of which lay underneath shallow tropical oceans for many years—have been hard to recreate.

Source: Geologists uncover history of lost continent buried beneath Europe | Science | AAAS

Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics Awarded to Event Horizon Telescope Team

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Almost 30 MIT-partnered scientists will partake in the prize, while David Jay Julius ’77 successes Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences; assistant professor of mphysics Max Metlitski shares New Horizons prize with Xie Chen PhD ’12 and Michael Levin PhD ’06.

The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration, including researchers and specialists from MIT, will get a 2020 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics. The group is being respected for making the principal direct location of a black hole. Assistant professor of physics Max Metlitski and a few MIT alumni  are likewise accepting honors from the Breakthrough Prize Foundation.

The $3 million fundamental physics prize will be shared similarly with the 347 EHT scientists from around the globe who co-created the six papers distributed on April 10, 2019, which revealed the identification of the supermassive black hole at the core of Messier 87, or M87, a system inside the Virgo galaxy cluster.

The new laureates will be perceived at an honors function in Mountain View, California, on Nov. 3.

Source: Event Horizon Telescope Awarded Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics

Endurance of Dead Sea Scrolls

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High-resolution mapping of the appropriation of components in an example from the 2000-year-old Temple Scroll, as appeared by the hues at the privilege of this picture, is giving significant understanding into its antiquated creation techniques and present day preservation methodologies. Credit: Photo-representation by James Weaver

Investigation of Dead Sea Scroll reveals insight into a lost antiquated material making innovation.

First found in 1947 by Bedouin shepherds searching for a lost sheep, the antiquated Hebrew writings known as the Dead Sea Scrolls are probably the most well-safeguarded old composed materials at any point found. Presently, an examination by specialists at MIT and collaborators clarifies an exceptional antiquated innovation for material making and gives new bits of knowledge into potential techniques to more readily save these valuable verifiable reports.

The investigation concentrated on one look specifically, known as the Temple Scroll, among the about 900 full or halfway parchments found in the years since that first revelation. The parchments were found in containers covered up in 11 caves in on the lofty slopes only north of the Dead Sea, in the locale around the old settlement of Qumran, which was decimated by the Romans around 2,000 years back. It is felt that, to shield their religious and social legacy from the trespassers, individuals from an order called the Essenes concealed their valuable documents in the caverns, frequently covered under a couple of feet of rubble and bat guano to help foil bandits.

The Temple Scroll is one of the biggest (just about 25 feet long) and best-safeguarded of the considerable number of parchments, despite the fact that its material is the most slender of every one of them (one-tenth of a millimeter, or approximately 1/250 of an inch thick). It likewise has the most clear, whitest composition surface of the considerable number of scrolls. These properties drove Admir Masic, the Esther and Harold E. Edgerton Career Development Assistant Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and a Department of Materials Science and Engineering faculty fellow in archeological materials, and his teammates to think about how the material was made.

Source: How Ancient Technology Made Dead Sea Scroll Last for Millennia